ارتباط تمارض شکست آزمون با علائم خود گزارشی و یافته های عصب در بزرگسالان ارجاع شده برای ارزیابی ADHD
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|38188||2008||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||6211 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, Volume 23, Issue 5, September 2008, Pages 521–530
Diagnosis of adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) adults is difficult, as neither symptom report nor neuropsychological findings are specific to ADHD. Few studies address the possibility that noncredible performance influences both symptom report and neuropsychological findings. The present study utilized archival data from young adults referred for concerns about ADHD, divided into three groups: (1) those who failed a measure of noncredible performance (the Word Memory Test; WMT), (2) those who met diagnostic criteria for ADHD, and (3) controls with psychological symptoms but no ADHD. Results showed a 31% failure rate on the WMT. Those who failed the WMT showed clinical levels of self-reported ADHD symptoms and impaired neuropsychological performance. Neither self-report measures nor neuropsychological tests could distinguish ADHD from psychological controls, with the exception of self-reported current hyperactive/impulsive symptoms and Stroop interference. Results underscore the effect of noncredible performance on both self-report and cognitive measures in ADHD.
In increasing numbers, adults are presenting for evaluation with concerns that they have attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The diagnosis of ADHD in adults is complicated by several factors, most notably the difficulty establishing evidence for either childhood or current presence of impairing symptoms of the disorder, outside of self-report (Murphy & Schachar, 2000). Further complicating this issue is that neuropsychological assessment is still not broadly accepted as part of a diagnostic evaluation for either children or adults presenting with concerns about ADHD (Stefanatos & Baron, 2007); self-reported symptoms and functioning are still relied upon as major components of diagnosis.