ارتباط ERP اختلال اجرایی تمارض
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|38193||2014||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||محاسبه نشده|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : International Journal of Psychophysiology, Volume 91, Issue 2, February 2014, Pages 139–146
Assessment of malingering has become an integral part of many neuropsychological evaluations, particularly in forensic settings. However, traditional malingering measures are known to be vulnerable to both manipulation and coaching. Consequently, recent research has attempted to identify physiological indices of cognitive functioning that are less susceptible to overt manipulation. While prior studies have explored the validity of physiological assessment of memory deficits, this study evaluates the effectiveness of a physiological measure of executive functioning. This study used EEG recording in conjunction with a three-stimulus oddball design to compare neural responses in simulated malingerers feigning cognitive deficits associated with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and controls. Specifically, the study explored the efficacy of an event-related potential (ERP) known as P3a, which is believed to be an index of frontal lobe executive processes, specifically the attentional orienting response. The results of this study demonstrated that simulated malingerers did not produce a P3a response that was significantly different from control participants. Furthermore, the P3a in simulated malingerers did not demonstrate any of the properties reported in prior studies with TBI patients. Not only were malingerers unable to produce a significant change in their basic orienting response, but the very process of attempting to employ additional strategies to appear impaired produced other physiological markers of deception. Therefore, the P3a component appeared to be unaffected by an individual's motivation or overt performance, which suggests that it may have potential for development as a physiological measure for differentiating between malingerers and those with genuine TBI.
Cases of traumatic brain injury represent a significant concern in the United States and approximately 75% of the 1.7 million brain injuries that occur annually, are classified as mild in nature (CDC, 2012). While the majority of individuals sustaining a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) make a full recovery within weeks of their injury, it is estimated that in 15 to 30% of patients, cognitive symptoms persist for three months post injury and in some cases, result in long-term disability (Shenton et al., 2012). mTBI is particularly difficult to reliably diagnose as it is typically characterized by diffuse axonal injury caused by the stretching of brain tissue, which often cannot be detected using traditional neuroimaging techniques (Shenton et al., 2012 and Taber and Hurley, 2013). Therefore, diagnosis and characterization of these injuries typically rely on traditional behavioral measures of neurocognitive functioning (for review, see Lezak et al., 2004).