درباره اعتقاد به سرنوشت، بدبینی و علایم افسردگی در بین آمریکایی های مکزیکی تبار و دیگر نوجوانان شرکت کننده در یک کلینیک زایمان
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|38204||2001||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||4336 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Behaviour Research and Therapy, Volume 39, Issue 8, August 2001, Pages 887–896
Abstract There is growing evidence that Mexican-American adolescents may be at increased risk for depressive symptoms. We sought to replicate and explain this result in a study of adolescent girls attending an obstetric-gynecologic clinic. Three hundred and four girls of diverse ethnic backgrounds completed measures of depressive symptoms, negative attributional style, and locus of control. Consistent with predictions, we found that Mexican-American adolescent girls reported more depressive symptoms than adolescent girls from other ethnic backgrounds, and that Mexican-American adolescent girls displayed more negative cognitive styles than girls from other ethnic backgrounds. Depression differences appeared to be partly explained by differences in negative cognitive style. Implications of the results for a theory of increased Mexican-American adolescent depression, and for applied work, were discussed.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
. Results To test our hypotheses regarding ethnic differences on depressive symptoms and cognitive variables, we conducted a one-way (Mexican-American vs Other) Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA), with depression, locus of control, attributional internality, and attributional generality as the dependent variables. The results of the analysis are reported in terms of Hotelling's T2 converted to an exact multivariate F statistic. The MANOVA produced a significant multivariate effect (F [4, 299]=2.49, p<0.05). In the context of the significant multivariate effect, we next examined univariate results. Consistent with our hypotheses, significant group differences emerged regarding depressive symptoms (t [1, 302]=4.94, p<0.05), and attributional generality (t [1, 302]=5.26, p<0.05), but not regarding locus of control (t [1, 302]=0.80, p=ns) and attributional internality (t [1, 302]=1.25, p=ns). Mexican-American participants experienced more depressive symptoms and were more pessimistic (i.e., more negative attributional generality) than other participants, but not more fatalistic (i.e., did not externally attribute control more than other participants). Means and standard deviations for the Mexican-American participants on BDI were 10.75 and 7.24; on attributional generality, mean was 2.69 and standard deviation was 0.97. For the Other group, BDI mean and standard deviation were 8.46 and 7.29; on attributional generality, mean was 2.31 and standard deviation was 1.19. As an aid to interpret BDI scores, a score of 10 is commonly used as a cut-off score for mild depressive symptoms ( Beck et al., 1988). Next, we determined whether Mexican-Americans' higher level of depressive symptoms could be accounted for by their more negative attributional styles on the generality dimension. Baron and Kenny (1986) articulated criteria for establishing whether a variable accounts for (i.e., mediates) the relation between two other variables. If a previously significant relationship between two variables is reduced when a third variable is controlled, the third variable can be said to mediate, in part or in full, the relationship between the first two variables. We therefore computed the correlation between group status (1=Other; 2=Mexican-American) and BDI depressive symptoms (r=0.14, p<0.05), and then computed the partial correlation between group status and BDI depressive symptoms, controlling for attributional generality. The partial correlation was 0.09, p=0.096. On the one hand, the reduction in the correlation (i.e., from 0.14 to 0.09) was modest; on the other hand, this reduction represents 60% less variance accounted for when attributional generality was controlled. 3 Taken together, then, these data suggested that attributional generality at least partly accounted for ethnic group differences in depressive symptoms. 4