دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 38279
عنوان فارسی مقاله

گرایش خود ناتوان سازی ، واکنش مقابله و اضطراب در میان ورزشکاران

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
38279 2003 19 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Self-handicapping tendencies, coping, and anxiety responses among athletes
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Psychology of Sport and Exercise, Volume 4, Issue 4, October 2003, Pages 357–375

کلمات کلیدی
خود ناتوان سازی - شیوه های مقابله - دولت اضطراب - ورزشکاران
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله گرایش خود ناتوان سازی ، واکنش مقابله و اضطراب در میان ورزشکاران

چکیده انگلیسی

Abstract Objectives: Four studies examined relationships between self-handicapping tendencies and reactions to two different yet potentially stressful sport situations (i.e., dealing with a performance slump and emotional reaction prior to competition). Design: Retrospective and prospective cross-sectional survey. Methods: For studies 1 and 2, participants were 65 male athletes (mean age=20.45) and 141 male and female athletes (mean age=21.5), respectively. Participants in study 1 completed the Self-handicapping Scale (SHS) and slump-related coping was assessed using the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS). Participants in study 2 completed the SHS and slump-related coping was assessed using the modified Ways of Coping in Sport Scale (WCSS). For studies 3 and 4, participants were 220 male athletes (mean age=22.60) and 120 male and female athletes (mean age=34.75), respectively. Participants from both studies completed the SHS and emotions prior to competition were assessed using the Competitive State Anxiety Inventory (CSAI-2). Results: Data from study 1 showed that self-handicapping tendencies were related to emotive-oriented coping. CISS emotion scale scores accounted for 25% of the variance in SHS scores. Data from study 2 showed that self-handicapping tendencies were related to denial/avoidance and wishful thinking subscale scores of the WCSS. Together these two variables accounted for 11% of the variance in SHS scores. Data from studies 3 and 4 showed positive relations between self-handicapping tendencies and cognitive state-anxiety. Cognitive state-anxiety accounted for 8% of the variance in SHS scores in study 3 and 12% of the variance in SHS scores in study 4. Conclusions: Results from studies 1 and 2 demonstrate that self-handicapping tendencies are related to general and specific emotion coping strategies when dealing with a slump. Results from studies 3 and 4 show that self-handicapping tendencies are related to precompetitive cognitive state-anxiety.

خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.