اثر گروه حرکت /رقص درمانی بر روی بهبود کیفیت زندگی: مطالعه کنترل شده تصادفی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|38405||2012||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||6554 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : The Arts in Psychotherapy, Volume 39, Issue 4, September 2012, Pages 296–303
This study examines the treatment outcome of a ten weeks dance movement therapy intervention on quality of life (QOL). The multicentred study used a subject-design with pre-test, post-test, and six months follow-up test. 162 participants who suffered from stress were randomly assigned to the dance movement therapy treatment group (TG) (n = 97) and the wait-listed control group (WG) (65). The World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire 100 (WHOQOL-100) and Munich Life Dimension List were used in both groups at all three measurement points. Repeated measures ANOVA revealed that dance movement therapy participants in all QOL dimensions always more than the WG. In the short term, they significantly improved in the Psychological domain (p > .001, WHOQOL; p > .01, Munich Life Dimension List), Social relations/life (p > .10, WHOQOL; p > .10, Munich Life Dimension List), Global value (p > .05, WHOQOL), Physical health (p > .05, Munich Life Dimension List), and General life (p > .10, Munich Life Dimension List). In the long term, dance movement therapy significantly enhanced the psychological domain (p > .05, WHOQOL; p > .05, Munich Life Dimension List), Spirituality (p > .10, WHOQOL), and General life (p > .05, Munich Life Dimension List). Dance movement therapy is effective in the short- and long-term to improve QOL.
Dance movement therapy (DMT), also referred to as dance therapy, furthers the emotional, cognitive, physical and social integration of the individual according to the American Dance Therapy Association (2011). It is a form of creative body-oriented psychotherapy that uses movement and dance intervention in combination with verbal expression (Berufsverband der TanztherapeutInnen Deutschlands, 2011). Participants of DMT often report that they feel both emotionally and physically relaxed and more energetic. Does a randomized controlled trial, the ‘gold standard’ in evaluating healthcare intervention (Schulz, Altman, & Moher, 2010), support or disprove the hypothesis that DMT improves quality of life (QOL)? Increasing QOL reduces somatic and mental illnesses, social and sexual dysfunctions and working capacity (Ventegodt, Omar, & Merrick, 2011). This article aims to give an overview of DMT research regarding QOL improvement. A nation-wide research project, conducted in Germany, examined DMT treatment outcome with people suffering from stress (Bräuninger, submitted for publication). It was expected that DMT group participants would improve in all aspects concerning QOL, compared to a wait-listed control group (WG) who did not receive treatment. Results of this research project regarding QOL are presented and implications for further studies are discussed.