اثر جهت گیری خدمات بر رضایت شغلی، تعهد سازمانی و قصد ترک خدمت در یک غذاخوری رستوران های زنجیره ای
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|3893||2005||23 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||8779 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : International Journal of Hospitality Management, Volume 24, Issue 2, June 2005, Pages 171–193
The service orientation program developed for restaurant employees can be a competitive advantage for a restaurant operation. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between employee service orientation (customer focus, organizational support, and service under pressure) and employees’ job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and employees’ intention of leaving. For these purposes, the authors developed structural equations modeling. The empirical results are as follows. First, the customer focus of employees was negatively associated with employees’ job satisfaction, but positively associated with their organizational commitment. Second, organizational support was positively associated with job satisfaction. Third, job satisfaction was positively associated with organizational commitment, but negatively associated with employees’ intention of leaving. Finally, organizational commitment was negatively associated with intention of leaving.
The service orientation program will enhance the competitive position of the foodservice enterprise, as it provides cross-training opportunities for employees to improve their professional competencies. Service orientation is an important antecedent for the viability of the foodservice business to provide quality food products and service. Service-oriented service providers will meet the expectations of their guests and ensure customer retention and repeat patronage. In general, there is an association between the service orientation program and employee satisfaction. In turn, the satisfied employees render a higher quality of service to the guest. For example, Brown et al. (2002) indicated that the employee's customer orientation process is central to a service organization's ability to be market oriented. Furthermore, they suggested that customer orientation has a significant impact on overall service performance. Service orientation at the organizational level influences the level of the employee's job satisfaction (Lee et al., 1999; Yoo et al., 2000), organizational commitment, service image, and business performance (Lee et al., 1999). The high level of commitment to employee satisfaction is supported by the firm's commitment to continuous quality improvement. The orientation of new employees and the design of a comprehensive training program may be implemented to keep pace with the changes in consumer demand for products and services. Therefore, there is a need to identify those factors that influence the employee's job satisfaction level. The reason is that the level of employee's job satisfaction may influence the customer's evaluation of the company. In particular, service orientation is a major way that a service provider delivers the type of service that creates customer loyalty. According to Berry et al. (1994), service organizations with service-oriented cultures can attract new customers, obtain more business from existing customers, experience less customer attrition, remain protected from price competition, and encounter fewer complaints from customers. In light of the importance of employee service orientation, the following research questions are pursued: Which dimensions (customer focus, organization's support, and customer service under pressure) of service orientation generate employee satisfaction and employee retention? Which dimensions of service orientation build organizational commitment? To what extent do job satisfaction and organizational commitment affect the employees’ intention of leaving the company?
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
The purpose of the study was to determine the impact of service orientation on job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and intention of leaving. Customer focus, organizational support, and service under pressure were the antecedents of job satisfaction and organizational commitment. The two elements of service orientation, customer focus and organizational support have a significant influence on job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Moreover, even though employees’ higher customer focus does not always lead to higher employees’ job satisfaction, the service orientation emphasis will favorably affect organizational commitment, and reduce the employees’ intention of leaving the organization. In order to enhance employees’ job satisfaction, the restaurant firm should recognize the employees’ work efforts with cash incentives, awards, recognition, and job promotion. Thus, a firm should improve its service orientation process to allocate scarce financial resources to improve the organizational commitment and reduce intention to leave.