دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 39550
عنوان فارسی مقاله

مطالعه طولی برادران و خواهران کودک و تئوری ذهن

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
39550 2007 13 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
A longitudinal study of child siblings and theory of mind development
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Cognitive Development, Volume 22, Issue 2, June 2007, Pages 258–270

کلمات کلیدی
تئوری ذهن - خواهر و برادر - مطالعه طولی - کودکان پیش دبستانی
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله مطالعه طولی برادران و خواهران کودک و تئوری ذهن

چکیده انگلیسی

This study tested a sample of 63 children twice in a longitudinal design over 14 months to examine their theory-of-mind (ToM) understanding in relation to their number of child-aged siblings (1–12 years). Age-appropriate batteries of ToM tests emphasising false belief were given at the start of the study, when children had a mean age of 4–2 (range: 3–3 to 5–6), and at the end, when mean age was 5–4 (range: 4–3 to 6–9). Irrespective of chronological age, children with 2 or more child siblings scored significantly higher on both the earlier and the later battery than those with no child-aged siblings. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses revealed that, over and above chronological age and verbal intelligence, having more child siblings predicted higher ToM scores at Times 1 and 2. Furthermore, at Time 2, the participant's number of child-aged siblings continued to predict higher ToM scores even after controlling for age, verbal intelligence, and Time 1 ToM scores. Results were considered in relation to the kinds of family-based social and conversational experiences that might foster ToM growth throughout the period from toddlerhood to the threshold of primary school.

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