دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 39559
عنوان فارسی مقاله

بررسی نظریه ذهن پس از آسیب شدید مغزی

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
39559 2010 12 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Exploring theory of mind after severe traumatic brain injury
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Cortex, Volume 46, Issue 9, October 2010, Pages 1088–1099

کلمات کلیدی
تئوری ذهن - همدلی - آسیب سر - شناخت اجتماعی
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله بررسی نظریه ذهن پس از آسیب شدید مغزی

چکیده انگلیسی

Previous studies have reported a dissociation between social behavioral impairments after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) and relatively preserved performances in traditional tasks that investigate cognitive abilities. Theory of mind (ToM) refers to the ability to make inferences about other's mental states and use them to understand and predict others' behavior. We tested a group of 15 patients with severe TBI and 15 matched controls on a series of four verbal and non-verbal ToM tasks: the faux pas test, the first-order and second-order false belief task, the character intention task and the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test. Participants with severe TBI were also compared to controls on non-ToM inference tasks of indirect speech act from the Montreal Evaluation of Communication (M.E.C.) Protocol and empathy (Davis Interpersonal Reactivity Index – I.R.I.) and tests for executive functions. Subjects with TBI performed worse than control subjects on all ToM tasks, except the first-order false belief task. The findings converge with previous evidence for ToM deficit in TBI and dissociation between ToM and executive functions. We show that ToM deficit is probably distinct from other aspects of social cognition like empathy and pragmatic communication skills.

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