دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 39750
عنوان فارسی مقاله

ناشنوایی کلمه خالص با ادراکپریشی شنوایی شی بعد از ضایعه دو طرفه شیار برتر زمانی

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
39750 2015 12 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Pure word deafness with auditory object agnosia after bilateral lesion of the superior temporal sulcus
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Cortex, Volume 73, December 2015, Pages 24–35

کلمات کلیدی
ادراکپریشی شنوایی - قشر شنوایی - حرف صدادار - در درک گفتار - ناشنوایی کلمه خالص -
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله ناشنوایی کلمه خالص با ادراکپریشی شنوایی شی بعد از ضایعه دو طرفه شیار برتر زمانی

چکیده انگلیسی

Based on results from functional imaging, cortex along the superior temporal sulcus (STS) has been suggested to subserve phoneme and pre-lexical speech perception. For vowel classification, both superior temporal plane (STP) and STS areas have been suggested relevant. Lesion of bilateral STS may conversely be expected to cause pure word deafness and possibly also impaired vowel classification. Here we studied a patient with bilateral STS lesions caused by ischemic strokes and relatively intact medial STPs to characterize the behavioral consequences of STS loss. The patient showed severe deficits in auditory speech perception, whereas his speech production was fluent and communication by written speech was grossly intact. Auditory-evoked fields in the STP were within normal limits on both sides, suggesting that major parts of the auditory cortex were functionally intact. Further studies showed that the patient had normal hearing thresholds and only mild disability in tests for telencephalic hearing disorder. Prominent deficits were discovered in an auditory-object classification task, where the patient performed four standard deviations below the control group. In marked contrast, performance in a vowel-classification task was intact. Auditory evoked fields showed enhanced responses for vowels compared to matched non-vowels within normal limits. Our results are consistent with the notion that cortex along STS is important for auditory speech perception, although it does not appear to be entirely speech specific. Formant analysis and single vowel classification, however, appear to be already implemented in auditory cortex on the STP.

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