دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 40121
عنوان فارسی مقاله

سیستم های هندسی و برجسته، جدا و ترکیبی: شواهدی از جهت گیری مجدد در افراد مبتلا به سندرم ویلیامز

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
40121 2015 11 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Geometric and featural systems, separable and combined: Evidence from reorientation in people with Williams syndrome ☆
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Cognition, Volume 144, November 2015, Pages 123–133

کلمات کلیدی
جهت گیری مجدد - سندرم ویلیامز - ناوبری فضایی - نمایش فضایی - هندسه - نشانه
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله سیستم های هندسی و برجسته، جدا و ترکیبی: شواهدی از جهت گیری مجدد در افراد مبتلا به سندرم ویلیامز

چکیده انگلیسی

Spatial reorientation by humans and other animals engages geometric representations of surface layouts as well as featural landmarks; however, the two types of information are thought to be behaviorally and neurally separable. In this paper, we examine the use of these two types of information during reorientation among children and adults with Williams syndrome (WS), a genetic disorder accompanied by abnormalities in brain regions that support use of both geometry and landmarks. Previous studies of reorientation in adolescents and adults with WS have shown deficits in the ability to use geometry for reorientation, but intact ability to use features, suggesting that the two systems can be differentially impaired by genetic disorder. Using a slightly modified layout, we found that many WS participants could use geometry, and most could use features along with geometry. However, the developmental trajectories for the two systems were quite different from one other, and different from those found in typical development. Purely geometric responding was not correlated with age in WS, and search processes appeared similar to those in typically developing (TD) children. In contrast, use of features in combination with geometry was correlated with age in WS, and search processes were distinctly different from TD children. The results support the view that use of geometry and features stem from different underlying mechanisms, that the developmental trajectories and operation of each are altered in WS, and that combination of information from the two systems is atypical. Given brain abnormalities in regions supporting the two kinds of information, our findings suggest that the co-operation of the two systems is functionally altered in this genetic syndrome.

خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.