دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 40131
عنوان فارسی مقاله

درس های موسیقی با افزایش حافظه کلامی در افراد مبتلا به سندرم ویلیامز مرتبط است

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
40131 2015 14 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Music lessons are associated with increased verbal memory in individuals with Williams syndrome
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Research in Developmental Disabilities, Volume 36, January 2015, Pages 565–578

کلمات کلیدی
سندرم ویلیامز - موسیقی - حافظه کلامی - ناتوانی های رشدی
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله درس های موسیقی با افزایش حافظه کلامی در افراد مبتلا به سندرم ویلیامز مرتبط است

چکیده انگلیسی

Williams syndrome (WS) is a genetic disorder characterized by intellectual delay and an affinity for music. It has been previously shown that familiar music can enhance verbal memory in individuals with WS who have had music training. There is also evidence that unfamiliar, or novel, music may also improve cognitive recall. This study was designed to examine if a novel melody could also enhance verbal memory in individuals with WS, and to more fully characterize music training in this population. We presented spoken or sung sentences that described an animal and its group name to 44 individuals with WS, and then tested their immediate and delayed memory using both recall and multiple choice formats. Those with formal music training (average duration of training 4½ years) scored significantly higher on both the spoken and sung recall items, as well as on the spoken multiple choice items, than those with no music training. Music therapy, music enjoyment, age, and Verbal IQ did not impact performance on the memory tasks. These findings provide further evidence that formal music lessons may impact the neurological pathways associated with verbal memory in individuals with WS, consistent with findings in typically developing individuals.

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