دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 40148
عنوان فارسی مقاله

آشنایی و خاطره در سندرم ویلیامز

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
40148 2013 11 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Familiarity and recollection in Williams syndrome
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Cortex, Volume 49, Issue 1, January 2013, Pages 232–242

کلمات کلیدی
آشنایی - خاطره - سندرم ویلیامز - حافظه اعلانی - حافظه به رسمیت شناختن
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله آشنایی و خاطره در سندرم ویلیامز

چکیده انگلیسی

Interest is being shown in a componential analysis of performance on declarative memory tasks that distinguishes two different kinds of access to stored memories, recollection and familiarity. From a developmental perspective, it has been hypothesized that recollection emerges later and shows more developmental changes than familiarity. Nevertheless, the contribution of recollection and familiarity to the recognition performance of individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) has been rarely examined. The present study was aimed at investigating the qualitative profile of declarative long-term memory in a group of individuals with Williams syndrome (WS). We compared 13 individuals with WS and 13 mental-age-matched typically developing children in two different experimental paradigms to assess the contribution of familiarity and recollection to recognition performance. We adopted a modified version of the process dissociation procedure and a task dissociation procedure, both of which are suited to individuals with ID. Results of both experimental paradigms demonstrated reduced recollection and spared familiarity in the declarative memory performances of individuals with WS. These results provide direct evidence of a dissociation between recollection and familiarity in a neurodevelopmental disorder and are discussed in relation to alternative approaches for explaining abnormal cognition in individuals with ID.

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