دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 40170
عنوان فارسی مقاله

بیزاری از خیره شده در طول تعاملات اجتماعی در سبک اختلال طیف اوتیسم و سندرم ویلیامز

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
40170 2013 11 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Gaze aversion during social style interactions in autism spectrum disorder and Williams syndrome
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Research in Developmental Disabilities, Volume 34, Issue 1, January 2013, Pages 616–626

کلمات کلیدی
تماس با نگاه خیره - خیره شدن - سندرم ویلیامز - خیره شده بیزاری از - اختلال طیف اوتیسم
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله بیزاری از خیره شده در طول تعاملات اجتماعی در سبک اختلال طیف اوتیسم و سندرم ویلیامز

چکیده انگلیسی

During face-to-face interactions typically developing individuals use gaze aversion (GA), away from their questioner, when thinking. GA is also used when individuals with autism (ASD) and Williams syndrome (WS) are thinking during question-answer interactions. We investigated GA strategies during face-to-face social style interactions with familiar and unfamiliar interlocutors. Participants with WS and ASD used overall typical amounts/patterns of GA with all participants looking away most while thinking and remembering (in contrast to listening and speaking). However there were a couple of specific disorder related differences: participants with WS looked away less when thinking and interacting with unfamiliar interlocutors; in typical development and WS familiarity was associated with reduced gaze aversion, however no such difference was evident in ASD. Results inform typical/atypical social and cognitive phenotypes. We conclude that gaze aversion serves some common functions in typical and atypical development in terms of managing the cognitive and social load of interactions. There are some specific idiosyncracies associated with managing familiarity in ASD and WS with elevated sociability with unfamiliar others in WS and a lack of differentiation to interlocutor familiarity in ASD. Regardless of the familiarity of the interlocutor, GA is associated with thinking for typically developing as well as atypically developing groups. Social skills training must take this into account.

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