توانایی های پویا: تاثیر ترازی روند و فرهنگ یادگیری سازمانی بر عملکرد
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|4034||2010||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||7630 کلمه|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of World Business, Volume 45, Issue 3, July 2010, Pages 285–294
Although there is much emphasis on the importance of process alignment, organizational learning culture, and dynamic capability, little attention has been paid to their interactions and joint effects on performance. While the concept of dynamic capability has received increasing attention and numerous conceptual frameworks and propositions have been suggested, few empirical studies have been conducted to examine its antecedents and outcomes. Some maintain that dynamic capability is created via organizational learning. Others contend that dynamic capability is resident in organizational processes. This empirical study utilizes a survey data from a Taiwan high-tech industry to test an integrative model of dynamic capability. The results of this study demonstrated that although organizational learning culture significantly affected performance, its influence was mediated by dynamic capability. Furthermore, this study provides supporting evidence for the hypothesis that process alignment influences performance directly and indirectly through dynamic capabilities.
The intensity of business competition has significantly increased, forcing business organizations to adopt non-traditional management techniques and tools. Maintaining competitive advantage is a dynamic and infinite activity. Scholars have proposed that to maintain competitive advantage, organizations should develop capabilities for improving business core processes and continuous learning (Argyris and Schon, 1978, Hammer, 2001, Jashapara, 1993, Senge, 1990 and Zott, 2003). A primary interest in management research is to identify relationships between organizational variables. Dynamic capability, as an emerging concept, needs to be examined in an integrated framework incorporating its antecedents and consequences (Wang & Ahmed, 2007). According to the resource-based view (RBV) of the firm, firms in the same industry perform differently because they possess different resources and capabilities (Barney, 1986, Barney, 1991 and Peretaf, 1993). This perspective holds that dynamic capabilities are a set of specific and identifiable processes and abilities to improve business core processes involves the integration of business core operational processes and organizational strategic goals (Eisenhardt & Martin, 2000). Although some strategic management scholars are skeptical regarding the value of the concept of “dynamic capabilities” (see, for example, Winter, 2003), others advocate this concept and provide supporting evidences (Teece et al., 1997 and Zott, 2003). Teece et al. (1997) define dynamic capability as the firm's ability to integrate, build, and reconfigure internal and external competencies to address rapid environmental change. The theory of dynamic capabilities suggests that knowledge is a fundamental resource for organizations to build sustainable competitive advantages. The RBV theory stresses that firm growth and competitive advantage are functions of the unique bundle of resources possessed and deployed by individual firms (Barney, 1986 and Barney, 1991). More recently, this perspective has been extended to consider a dynamic capability which is defined as the unique ability of firms “to integrate, build and reconfigure internal and external competencies to address rapidly changing environments” (Teece et al., 1997: 516). From an economic perspective, Carpenter, Sanders, and Gregersen (2001) noted that the RBV stresses rents rising from scarcity (Ricardian rents) and the capabilities perspective emphasizes rents resulting from market discontinuities (Schumpeterian rents). While the concept of dynamic capability has received increasing attention in the literature (Danneels, 2002, Eisenhardt and Martin, 2000, Winter, 2003, Zollo and Winter, 2002 and Zott, 2003), only recently have some attempts been made to look deeper into the process that links its antecedents and to firm performance. There is a paucity of theoretical frameworks and empirical studies on the mechanisms through which firms develop their dynamic capabilities and subsequently enhance the performance. Augier and Teece (2007) argued that dynamic capabilities are resident in a firm's processes and routines. Zollo and Winter (2002) have advanced our understanding by proposing a conceptual framework that posits an organization with continually learning culture namely organizational learning is a key foundation for building dynamic capability. The increasing attention to organizational learning represents a knowledge-based view (KBV) of the firm which emphasizes that knowledge provides the sustainable competitive advantage. According to Zollo and Winter (2002): “A dynamic capability is a learned and stable pattern of collective activity through which the organization systematically generates and modifies its operating routines in pursuit of improved effectiveness” (p. 340). However, there is relatively little close empirical study exploring the relationship between dynamic capability and organizational learning culture. Zahra, Sapienza, and Davidsson (2006) contended that there are considerable ambiguities in the literature about the concept of dynamic capability and such ambiguities can only be resolved by examining its relation to antecedents and outcomes. Unfortunately, there is a dearth of empirical evidence on the relationship between dynamic capabilities and its key antecedent variables such as organizational learning culture and organizational process alignment. Therefore, there remain unresolved questions: (1) how does organizational learning culture influence dynamic capability? and (2) does dynamic capability meditate the impacts of organizational learning culture on performance? Although extensive studies have been conducted on the outcomes of organizational learning culture (Egan et al., 2004, Ellinger et al., 2002 and Wang et al., 2007) and organizational process alignment (Gresov, 1989, Lee and Dale, 1998 and Powell and Dent-Micallef, 1997), most management literature stresses the benefits of organizational learning culture and organizational process alignment separately. Few studies have been conducted to investigate the relationship between organizational learning culture and process alignment and their joint effects on organizational performance. This study focuses on examining an organization adept at managing core processes in the area of organizational learning culture and process alignment and, particularly, their potential to generate superior performance through the dynamic capability approach. It is reasoned that enhanced organizational performance results primarily from the effective handling, sharing, application and management of knowledge. Thus, distinctive methods of doing business that produce a competitive edge are heavily dependent on integrating the results of process alignment and organizational learning culture with dynamic capability. The purpose of this study is to examine the inter-relationship between organizational learning culture and process alignment and their joint influence on organizational performance. This study aims to develop and empirically test a model for examining the relationship among organizational process alignment, organizational learning culture and organizational performance from a dynamic capability perspective. This study has implications for both management theory and practice. Based on the dynamic capability perspective, this research significantly contributes to the current knowledge on organizational process alignment, organizational learning culture and organizational performance. This study benefits management practice by demonstrating how organizations can adopt better methods of improving their performance and profitability via organizational process alignment and organizational learning culture based on the dynamic capability approach. In sum, this study attempts to explicate the nature of dynamic capability by clarifying its dimensions, measures, antecedents and impact on organizational performance.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
This study was designed to investigate how firms build dynamic capabilities through process alignment and creating organizational learning culture. This study integrated two key organizational constructs (namely, process alignment and organizational learning culture) that represent two theoretical underpinnings (i.e., RBV and KBV) into a single framework. The result of this investigation demonstrates that the proposed integrative model closely fits the sample data. The hypothesis tested in this study received full empirical support. The results found that the organizational process alignment and organizational learning culture significantly contributed to organizational dynamic capability and ultimately performance. This study provides supporting evidence for the hypothesis that process management needs to be aligned with organizational contextual variables in order to build firms’ dynamic capabilities and consequently yield healthy performance (Benner & Tushman, 2003). Overall, the results of this study provide preliminary evidences for both resource-based view (RBV) and knowledge-based view (KBV) of the firm. The results of this study demonstrated that although organizational learning culture significantly affected performance, its influence was mediated by dynamic capability. Organizational learning culture does not appear to deliver or create value directly. This finding tends to be consistent with some of the current writings on the effects of organizational learning and knowledge management on performance (Ciborra and Andreu, 2001, Gold et al., 2001, Wilderom et al., 2000 and Zahra et al., 2006). It can be reasoned that the culture part alone would not generate superior performance. Instead, organizations have to actually use what they have learned in the appropriate way to make them effective. This phenomenon may partially explain why many organizations are reluctant to invest in learning activities. It may also indicate why few empirical studies have examined learning related concepts, such as learning organization, organizational learning, and learning culture, despite such concepts having received considerable attention in the literature (Cohen and Levinthal, 1990, Zahra and George, 2002, Zahra et al., 2006 and Zollo and Winter, 2002). Nevertheless, this study demonstrated that organizational learning culture matters since it is strongly associated with process alignment and that both variables influenced organizational dynamic capability and performance. Consequently the role of creating adequate learning culture in aligning organizational process with core business mission and thus boosting organizational capability should not be overlooked. Organizational learning culture tends to be embedded in the process of improving firm alignment and dynamic capabilities. Ultimately, organizational learning culture significantly influences organizational performance. However, for the managerial implication, since organizational learning culture is fully mediated by dynamic capability on organizational performance, this study revels that when manager cultivate organizational learning culture in their organization should also consider to develop their dynamic capability in order to influence their organizational performance effectively.