دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 41412
عنوان فارسی مقاله

پوشش جهانی بیمه سلامتی برای 1.3 میلیارد نفر: چه چیزی باعث چنین موفقیتی در چین شده است؟

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
41412 2015 8 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید 5000 کلمه
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Universal health insurance coverage for 1.3 billion people: What accounts for China's success? ☆
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Health Policy, Volume 119, Issue 9, September 2015, Pages 1145–1152

کلمات کلیدی
بیمه سلامت - پوشش جهانی - اصلاح مراقبت های بهداشتی - چین
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله پوشش جهانی بیمه سلامتی برای 1.3 میلیارد نفر: چه چیزی باعث چنین موفقیتی در چین شده است؟

چکیده انگلیسی

China successfully achieved universal health insurance coverage in 2011, representing the largest expansion of insurance coverage in human history. While the achievement is widely recognized, it is still largely unexplored why China was able to attain it within a short period. This study aims to fill the gap. Through a systematic political and socio-economic analysis, it identifies seven major drivers for China's success, including (1) the SARS outbreak as a wake-up call, (2) strong public support for government intervention in health care, (3) renewed political commitment from top leaders, (4) heavy government subsidies, (5) fiscal capacity backed by China's economic power, (6) financial and political responsibilities delegated to local governments and (7) programmatic implementation strategy. Three of the factors seem to be unique to China (i.e., the SARS outbreak, the delegation, and the programmatic strategy.) while the other factors are commonly found in other countries’ insurance expansion experiences. This study also discusses challenges and recommendations for China's health financing, such as reducing financial risk as an immediate task, equalizing benefit across insurance programs as a long-term goal, improving quality by tying provider payment to performance, and controlling costs through coordinated reform initiatives. Finally, it draws lessons for other developing countries.

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پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.