دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 41485
عنوان فارسی مقاله

تاثیر اصلاحات تأمین اجتماعی بر بازار کار: مورد کلمبیا

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
41485 2014 17 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید 7700 کلمه
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
The impact of social security reform on the labor market: The case of Colombia
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Journal of Policy Modeling, Volume 36, Issue 6, November–December 2014, Pages 1118–1134

کلمات کلیدی
تحریف - غیررسمی - حمایت اجتماعی - تمایل به پرداخت - کلمبیا
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله تاثیر اصلاحات تأمین اجتماعی بر بازار کار: مورد کلمبیا

چکیده انگلیسی

This paper simulates the effects of three increasingly bolder reforms in the Colombian social protection system: the equalization of salaried and self-employed labor contributions; the removal of payroll taxes, parafiscales; and the complete delinking of social protection benefits from labor status. We collect nationally representative information concerning individual willingness to pay for several packages of social security benefits; identify and quantify – for the first time – three specific distortions caused by existing social security and social assistance systems; and simulate the gains that social protection reforms would bring about in terms of reduced labor distortions. We find that workers in Colombia, regardless of occupation, have a very similar willingness to pay for the full insurance package – below 20% of their labor earnings – and very similar valuation of social protection services – about 50% below par. Labor distortions are large, as expected from very high labor costs, but we quantify an implicit formality tax and informality subsidy ranging between 2 and 27 percent of different representative workers’ earnings. Critically, the long-discussed reforms in Colombia – including the elimination of parafiscales – will not reduce substantially the multiple distortions in its labor market.

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