دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 41506
عنوان فارسی مقاله

شبکه های اجتماعی به عنوان زمینه برای درک استفاده از خدمات استخدامی در بین جوانان بی خانمان

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
41506 2014 12 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Social networks as the context for understanding employment services utilization among homeless youth
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Evaluation and Program Planning, Volume 45, August 2014, Pages 90–101

کلمات کلیدی
جوانان بی خانمان - خدمات استخدامی - شبکه های اجتماعی - سرمایه اجتماعی
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله شبکه های اجتماعی به عنوان زمینه برای درک استفاده از خدمات استخدامی در بین جوانان بی خانمان

چکیده انگلیسی

Little is known about the factors associated with use of employment services among homeless youth. Social network characteristics have been known to be influential in motivating people's decision to seek services. Traditional theoretical frameworks applied to studies of service use emphasize individual factors over social contexts and interactions. Using key social network, social capital, and social influence theories, this paper developed an integrated theoretical framework that capture the social network processes that act as barriers or facilitators of use of employment services by homeless youth, and understand empirically, the salience of each of these constructs in influencing the use of employment services among homeless youth. We used the “Event based-approach” strategy to recruit a sample of 136 homeless youth at one drop-in agency serving homeless youth in Los Angeles, California in 2008. The participants were queried regarding their individual and network characteristics. Data were entered into NetDraw 2.090 and the spring embedder routine was used to generate the network visualizations. Logistic regression was used to assess the influence of the network characteristics on use of employment services. The study findings suggest that social capital is more significant in understanding why homeless youth use employment services, relative to network structure and network influence. In particular, bonding and bridging social capital were found to have differential effects on use of employment services among this population. The results from this study provide specific directions for interventions aimed to increase use of employment services among homeless youth.

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