دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 4156
عنوان فارسی مقاله

تسهیل دستیابی به سرمایه اجتماعی در ژاپن

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
4156 2008 17 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید 8200 کلمه
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Facilitating achievement by social capital in Japan
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : The Journal of Socio-Economics, Volume 37, Issue 6, December 2008, Pages 2261–2277

کلمات کلیدی
اعتماد - تعامل اجتماعی - دوستی - دستاورد
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله تسهیل دستیابی به سرمایه اجتماعی در ژاپن

چکیده انگلیسی

Social capital, as a comprehensive concept, comprises structural components representing social networks and functional components, which register past and future help, reciprocity, and trust. One assumption is that these various components interact and reinforce one another to enhance an individual's expected achievement. To validate the conceptualization and examine the consequences of social capital, the present study analyzed a set of data collected from 201 residents based in Japan. The results demonstrated that conceptualization proves to be valid in view of its adequacy in internal consistency and stability in the confirmatory factor model. The structural equation modeling likewise revealed contributions of the social capital components both individually and interactively. Notably, the Japanese respondents expected greater achievement with higher levels of both structural social capital and anticipatory functional social capital, which consequently tapped expected help, trust, and reciprocity. Structural social capital appeared to be a basis for functional social capital.

مقدمه انگلیسی

Social capital, as a comprehensive concept, comprises structural components representing social networks and functional components, which register past and future help, reciprocity, and trust. One assumption is that these various components interact and reinforce one another to enhance an individual's expected achievement. To validate the conceptualization and examine the consequences of social capital, the present study analyzed a set of data collected from 201 residents based in Japan. The results demonstrated that conceptualization proves to be valid in view of its adequacy in internal consistency and stability in the confirmatory factor model. The structural equation modeling likewise revealed contributions of the social capital components both individually and interactively. Notably, the Japanese respondents expected greater achievement with higher levels of both structural social capital and anticipatory functional social capital, which consequently tapped expected help, trust, and reciprocity. Structural social capital appeared to be a basis for functional social capital.

نتیجه گیری انگلیسی

The present study serves to substantiate claims about the contribution of social capital at the individual level. Its findings lend support to the necessity of encompassing structural and functional components as integral parts of social capital. Accordingly, whereas the components are relatively independent and exhibit discriminant validity, they interact and reinforce one another in generating effects to enhance the individual's expected achievement. The components then form an organic whole that yields greater impacts than its parts do. In view of their profound contributions, all the components of social capital deserve promotion.

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