توسعه مالی، نظام نرخ ارز و رشد بهره وری: نظریه و شواهد
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|41766||2015||15 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||9880 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Macroeconomics, Volume 44, June 2015, Pages 109–123
This paper provides a microfounded, quantitative model that rationalizes recent empirical evidence by Aghion et al. (2009), who find that fixed exchange rate regimes lead to higher long-run productivity growth in countries with low financial development, while the effect in financially developed countries is insignificant. The channel that explains this evidence in my model is the following: A fixed exchange rate regime leads to lower inflation when the money growth is otherwise high under flexible exchange rates. In turn, lower inflation results in higher long-run productivity growth since financial intermediaries hold a fraction of deposits as reserves, whose return is lower than the market rate and, thus, is affected by inflation. I show that the positive effect of fixed exchange rate regime on growth is larger for countries with lower levels of financial development because inflation and the fraction of deposits held as reserves are typically higher in these countries.