دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 41972
عنوان فارسی مقاله

اوضاع مالی: دیدگاه هزینه معاملات درباره ساختار انتقال های دولت به دولت

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
41972 2014 6 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Climate finance: A transaction cost perspective on the structure of state-to-state transfers ☆
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Global Environmental Change, Volume 27, July 2014, Pages 138–143

کلمات کلیدی
امور مالی بین المللی - کاهش تغییرات آب و هوایی - هزینه مبادله - اقتصاد نهادی جدید
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله اوضاع مالی: دیدگاه هزینه معاملات درباره ساختار انتقال های دولت به دولت

چکیده انگلیسی

Direct transfers of climate finance from governments of developed countries to governments of developing countries are often perceived as risky due to information asymmetries, the infeasibility of perfect contract enforcement at the international level, and uncertain recipient capacities and respective outcomes. Donor governments usually try to minimize such risks by delegating the provision of climate finance to bilateral and multilateral organizations that implement and monitor projects in recipient countries. Such direct interventions generate an alternative set of transaction costs through the fragmentation of finance flows and proliferation of funding organizations that can put an additional burden on recipient institutions. Moreover, long delegation chains between initial donors and targeted beneficiaries trigger a cascade of principal-agent problems. The benefits of channelling climate finance through the international development cooperation system hence need to be weighed against the opportunity cost of this approach. The potential for such scrutiny is however constrained by a broken feedback loop between donor and recipient constituencies. Only if the extent to which transaction costs accrue and the reasons they do so become better understood, policy makers might be able to address them and chose the most cost-effective channel in each particular case.

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