پیامدهای یک ژاپن خاکستری برای سیاست دولتی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|42355||2015||23 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||18697 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Volume 57, August 2015, Pages 1–23
Japan is in the midst of a demographic transition that is both rapid and large by international standards. As recently as 1990 Japan had the youngest population among the Group of 6 large, developed countries. However, the combined effects of aging of the baby-boomer generation and low fertility rates have produced very rapid aging. Japan now finds itself with the oldest population among the Group of 6 and its population will continue to age at a rapid pace in future years. Aging is already placing a burden on government finances and Japan׳s ability to confront the negative fiscal implications of future aging is constrained by its very high debt–GDP ratio. We find that Japan faces a severe fiscal crisis if remedial action is not undertaken soon and analyze alternative strategies for correcting Japan׳s fiscal imbalances.