هماهنگی زنجیره تامین با انگیزه های اعتباری و نرخ تقاضای وابسته به سهام
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|42901||2014||7 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||4886 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : International Journal of Production Economics, Volume 157, November 2014, Pages 105–111
In this paper, we consider a supply chain which consists of a single manufacturer and a single retailer with a single product type. Demand is assumed to be dependent on the retailer's stock level. Without coordination, the retailer determines its order quantity to maximize its own profit, which is usually smaller than the manufacturer's economic production quantity. Three coordination policies are presented to coordinate the manufacturer's and the retailer's decisions. First, the credit period policy and the quantity discount policy are developed and the total profits under the two policies are compared. Then we develop a centralized supply chain policy and show that there is a unique optimal order quantity to achieve a perfect coordination. The centralized supply chain can get higher or equal channel profit while the credit period policy and the quantity discount policy are easier to achieve. Numerical examples are provided to illustrate the proposed policies.