سیستم های مدیریت زیست محیطی در شرکت های کوچک و متوسط: تجزیه و تحلیل و بررسی سیستماتیک
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|43100||2014||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||7430 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Cleaner Production, Volume 74, 1 July 2014, Pages 44–53
This article seeks to answer the following question: based on the scientific publications on this topic, what aspects of environmental management systems are small and medium enterprises incorporating into their production processes? A bibliometric analysis and systematic review was performed to formulate a response. The study yielded a portfolio of 27 articles directly related to the research available online in the Web of Knowledge and Scopus databases. The bibliometric analysis identified the most relevant articles, authors, keywords and journals published without time slicing on studies between 1999 and 2013, while the systematic review allowed for the compilation of definitions, authors, research types, results and research opportunities. The primary aspects of the environmental management systems incorporated by small and medium enterprises were (1) certification, (2) fault analysis and improvement implementation, (3) environmental responsibility and (4) impact mitigation. Most of the articles in the portfolio database were associated with the study of environmental management systems implementation in small and medium enterprises with an emphasis on results, such as: (1) lack of knowledge on environmental impacts, (2) the need for training, policy, consulting, business cooperation and the integration of systems, (3) high costs at the beginning of implementation and (4) moral gains and cost reduction paired with sustainability in the medium term. Image improvement and the acquisition of new customers were also factors cited in the studies, highlighting the possibility of acquiring competitive advantages through environmental management systems.