دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 43240
عنوان فارسی مقاله

اختراعات به هنگام و توسعه استانداردها

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
43240 1961 14 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید 13243 کلمه
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Just-in-time patents and the development of standards
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Research Policy, Volume 44, Issue 10, December 2015, Pages 1948–1961

کلمات کلیدی
سازمان همکاری اقتصادی و توسعه - دفتر مالکیت معنوی دولت - سیستم برق جنوب شرقی - رفتار استراتژیک - استاندارد های سازمان -
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی
2G, Second generation (of cellular wireless technologies); 3G, Third generation (of cellular wireless technologies); 3GPP, Third generation partnership project; 4G, Fourth generation (of cellular wireless technologies); ARIB, Association of Radio Industries and Businesses (Japan); CDMA, Code division multiple access; EPO, European Patent Office; ETSI, European Telecommunications Standards Institute; FRAND, Fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory; FTC, Federal Trade Commission (US); GSA, Global Mobile Suppliers Association; GSM, Global System for Mobile Communications, originally Groupe Spécial Mobile; HSPA, High speed packet access; IEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers; IETF, Internet Engineering Task Force; IPC, International Patent Classification; IPR, Intellectual property right; ISO, International Organization for Standardization; IT, Information technology; ITU, International Telecommunication Union; KIPO, Korean Intellectual Property Office; LAN, Local area network; LTE, Long term evolution; MPEG, Moving Picture Experts Group; NBER, National Bureau for Economic Research (US); NPE, Non-practicing entity; OECD, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development; OEIDD, Open Essential IPR Disclosure Database; PATSTAT, EPO Worldwide Patent Statistical Database; RAN1, Radio access network 1 (a 3GPP working group); SEP, Standard-Essential Patent; SIPO, State Intellectual Property Office (the patent office of the People’s Republic of China); SSO, Standard Setting Organization; TTA, Telecommunications Technology Association (Korea); UMTS, Universal Mobile Telecommunications System; USPTO, United States Patent and Trademark Office; W-CDMA, Wideband code division multiple accessPatents; Standards; Essential patents; SEPs; Strategic behavior; W-CDMA; LTE
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله اختراعات به هنگام و توسعه استانداردها

چکیده انگلیسی

Modern technical standards often include large numbers of patented technologies that are required to implement those standards. These “standard-essential patents” are very valuable assets, and firms that do not own such patents are prepared to spend billions of dollars purchasing them. Whereas large numbers of standard-essential patents are often taken for granted, this study focuses on the process by which companies obtain such patents. Analyzing original data of a large standardization process, we demonstrate how many companies use a strategy we call “just-in-time patenting”: They apply for patents of low technical merit just before a standardization meeting, and then send the patents’ inventors to the meeting to negotiate this patented technology into the standard. Our findings have several implications for standard-setting organizations, patent offices, and policymakers, as the inclusion of just-in-time patents may reduce competition and market entry, increase prices, and unnecessarily complicate the technological content of standards.

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