دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 43376
عنوان فارسی مقاله

پیامدهای اقتصادی چاپ سه بعدی: مدل ساختار بازار در پرتو تولید افزودنی بازبینی شده

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
43376 2015 14 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
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عنوان انگلیسی
Economic implications of 3D printing: Market structure models in light of additive manufacturing revisited
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : International Journal of Production Economics, Volume 164, June 2015, Pages 43–56

کلمات کلیدی
چاپ سه بعدی - تولید افزودنی - ساختار بازار - تولید انعطاف پذیر - مدل سازی اقتصادی
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله پیامدهای اقتصادی چاپ سه بعدی: مدل ساختار بازار در پرتو تولید افزودنی بازبینی شده

چکیده انگلیسی

Additive manufacturing (AM), colloquially known as 3D printing, is currently being promoted as the spark of a new industrial revolution. The technology allows one to make customized products without incurring any cost penalties in manufacturing as neither tools nor molds are required. Moreover, AM enables the production of complex and integrated functional designs in a one-step process, thereby also potentially reducing the need for assembly work. In this article, we discuss the impact of AM technology at both firm and industry level. Our intention is to discern how market structures will be affected from an operations management perspective. Based on an analysis of established economic models, we first identify the economic and technological characteristics of AM and distill four key principles relevant to manufacturers at firm level. We then critically assess the effects of AM at industry level by analyzing the validity of earlier assumptions in the models when these four principles apply. In so doing, we derive a set of seven propositions which provide impetus for future research. In particular, we propose that in a monopoly, the adoption of AM allows a firm to increase profits by capturing consumer surplus when flexibly producing customized products. Meanwhile in competitive markets, competition is spurred as AM may lower barriers to market entry and offers the ability to serve multiple markets at once. This should ultimately result in lower prices for consumers.

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