عوامل انسانی و ارگونومی ها در سیستم های کنترل حمل و نقل
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|43560||2015||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||4990 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Procedia Manufacturing, Volume 3, 2015, Pages 2913–2920
Employing case studies taken from work experience in the UK, USA, Canada and Japan this paper observes the evolution of Human Factors (HF) and ergonomics in the railroad from a practitioner's point of view. Practical areas for application of HF at specific points in railroad signaling and control systems are described. HF considerations in advanced train control systems and the movement towards automation are discussed as well as the impact of these new technologies on the context of operation itself. There is now a greater reliance on the operator to remain vigilant and react efficiently when intervention on automation is required both within the control room and driver cab environments. This paper illustrates some of the human performance concerns for novel transportation control systems that are faced today and discusses how this area of cognitive attention, human error and workload is difficult to assess and predict.