دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 4445
عنوان فارسی مقاله

سیستم پشتیبانی تصمیم گیری برای مدیریت کیفیت خدمات با استفاده از دانش مشتری در سازمان خدمات عمومی

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
4445 2009 12 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Decision support system for service quality management using customer knowledge in public service organization
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Expert Systems with Applications, Volume 36, Issue 4, May 2009, Pages 8227–8238

کلمات کلیدی
() - کیفیت خدمات - خدمات سازمان - شاخص رضایت مشتری عمومی ()
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله سیستم پشتیبانی تصمیم گیری برای مدیریت کیفیت خدمات با استفاده از دانش مشتری در سازمان خدمات عمومی

چکیده انگلیسی

As the service quality has been reconsidered in the public sector as well as private enterprises, the need for public sectors to adopt principle and practices of private sectors is concerned with customer-focused approach. However, the different business culture of public service organizations makes it difficult to improve service quality. It is required to establish a structured framework that leads employees to make efforts to improve their service delivery processes and supports continuous improvement of service delivery processes based on the data about the process performance from the customer-perceived value-oriented viewpoint. In this paper, we propose a structured framework that identifies the key service processes, validates from customer perspectives and establishes the measurements to monitor based on the data about the process performance. It uses periodic customer satisfaction index (CSI) surveys (S.C. Park) for understanding customer-perceived values. The proposed framework consists of three phases; the questionnaire design, the key process (KP) identification from the integrated viewpoints of importance and contribution, and the key process indicator (KPI) derivation and management. For the application, we established a web-based decision support system for a public service organization for tourism in Korea.

مقدمه انگلیسی

n the early 1990s, quality improvement has been applied in the public sector as well as private enterprises (Carr & Littman, 1990). At the same time, there are tendencies to reclassify citizens as customers (Pollitt & Bouckaert, 1995). The development of information technology makes citizens to want faster, more convenient and efficient service at lower cost (Yang, Kim, Nam, & Lee, 2004). Leaders of public sectors urge to set standards of services with help of technology advances in private sector. The need for public sectors to adopt principles and practices of private sectors is concerned with customer-focused approach (or citizen-oriented services), which aims at improving the quality of public services (Mwita, 2000). However, the difference of business culture between public sectors and private service industries makes it difficult to improve service quality in public sectors as follows: 1. Lack of urgency for improvement: Usually there is no competitor and the goal of public service organizations is not an increase of profit. Most public service organizations are not willing to adopt changes have a tendency to “playing it safe” (Sherman, 1989; Skelcher, 1992). Organizational bureaucracy and lack of collaboration culture are some difficult problems to resolve. Employees are usually content to work to a standard with considerable commitment to rules, regulations and precedents. So, employees should be urged to improve their service delivery processes and their improvement efforts should be managed. The measurements or indicators for efforts can be a strong incentive for improvement. 2. Unstructured management of service quality: In practice, processes are mostly managed based on experts’ experiences, leaders’ insights, or political strategies. These ad hoc management activities often rouse employees’ antipathies and make them to refuse the changes. Or non-value added processes are sometimes over-controlled. It is required to support continuous improvement of service delivery processes based on the data about the process performance. So, selecting the measurements or indicators of the performance results is very important. 3. Disconnection to value creation: In non-quality oriented companies, employees usually perceive that “I just do this”. It is often totally unrelated to the services. Within the public service organizations, this divorce between the value of the organization’s output and an individual employee’s input is even greater. Furthermore, the value should be considered from the customer perspectives including internal customers (employees). It is required to make employees recognize the value of their daily work and to investigate the desired value by customers. Therefore, in order to provide customer-oriented (or citizen-oriented) services and improve the service quality, the public service organization should identify the key service processes and key customers and validate the value of employees’ work from customer perspectives. The prioritization of constrained resources for improvement should be accompanied. Furthermore, the measurements to monitor and the management framework based on the data about the process performance are required so as to continuously encourage the employees to keep the efforts for improvement. In this paper, we use periodic customer satisfaction index (CSI) surveys in order to understand customer and markets and assess the service quality. A CSI survey is not just a tool to measure customers’ satisfaction level. The main purpose is to discover the strengths and areas required to be improved, and to provide guidelines for improvement from customer perspectives. The analysis of CSI surveys enables organizations to take further continuous improvements in order to meet, or even exceed, customer requirements, and hence to raise the customer satisfaction (Eklof & Westlund, 1998). In the next section we will briefly review the previous studies on customer satisfaction measurements and shortcomings of analysis methods. Then, for service quality improvement based on CSI surveys, we will present the structured framework that designs questionnaires, analyzes, identifies key processes that are valuable to increase of customer satisfaction, and finally sets measurements for monitoring. We will apply the proposed framework to a public service organization for tourism in Korea. Finally, we make conclusions about the framework for service quality improvement based on CSI surveys and propose some directions for future research.

نتیجه گیری انگلیسی

As the service quality has been reconsidered in the public sector as well as private enterprises, the need for public sectors to adopt principle and practices of private sectors is concerned with customer-focused approach. However, the different business culture of public service organizations, which is such as the lack of urgency for improvement, the contentment of status quo, unstructured management of service quality based on the experts’ experiences or insights, and the divorce between the value of the organization’s output and an individual employee’s input, makes it difficult to improve service quality. Therefore, it is required to establish a structured framework that leads employees to make efforts to improve their service delivery processes and supports continuous improvement of service delivery processes based on the data about the process performance from the customer-perceived value-oriented viewpoint. In this paper, we propose a structured framework that identifies the key service processes, validates from customer perspectives and establishes the measurements to monitor based on the data about the process performance. It uses periodic customer satisfaction index (CSI) surveys for understanding customer-perceived values. The proposed framework consists of three phases. Firstly, the questionnaire should be designed to provide fully customer knowledge. Secondly, we identify key process (KP) from the integrated viewpoints of importance (linearity characteristics) and contribution by considering the current performance level. Thirdly, we derive the key process indicators (KPI) from quality, cost, and delivery viewpoints and suggest a management for them. We established a web-based decision support system and applied to a public service organization for tourism in Korea. As the internal groupware of this organization is not linked with the system, the KPI management should be manually performed. As a further study, we will link the internal management system with the established web-based system for automatic KPI management. And we intend to evaluate the KP management to customer satisfaction for the next period and are willing to verify the effectiveness of proposed framework for service quality management.

خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.