عوامل موثر بر استخدام نیرو دکتری شرکت ها برای انجام فعالیت های تحقیق و توسعه
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|44554||2015||11 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||10417 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : European Management Journal, Volume 33, Issue 2, April 2015, Pages 132–142
We have analysed the determinant factors which condition firms' employment of PhDs to undertake R&D activities. It has been traditionally thought that doctorate holders are employed only to generate and absorb scientific knowledge; nonetheless, our study has also revealed that there are additional reasons to employ PhD graduates. We have used an upstream–downstream approach of the innovation process, to establish which contingencies of this process increase the number of PhD holders in firms. We have focused on four contingencies: R&D cooperation, types of R&D activities, failures in the innovation process and key information sources to put into motion the innovation process. Results of this study have confirmed that PhD holders not only play upstream roles in the innovation process but in addition also downstream tasks undertaking knowledge exploitation activities.