دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 44690
عنوان فارسی مقاله

عناصر در ایجاد جهت گیری آینده :دیدگاه سیستم ها از آینده نگری

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
44690 2015 14 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید 10150 کلمه
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Elements in the construction of future-orientation: A systems view of foresight
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Futures, Volume 73, October 2015, Pages 112–125

کلمات کلیدی
سیستم پیش بینی - سیستم های انطباقی پیچیده - سیستم های نوآوری - جهت گیری آینده
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله عناصر در ایجاد جهت گیری آینده :دیدگاه سیستم ها از آینده نگری

چکیده انگلیسی

Foresight is currently perceived as a critical activity in the development of innovation policies and corporate strategies. While there are many descriptions of the benefits of foresight, there is little research into how these benefits are created. In addition, although the view of innovations has shifted towards a systems understanding, the same has not happened with foresight, which is largely seen as a process. The process view and focus on the outcomes has created a situation where the dynamics between agents involved in foresight is still not well understood. One emerging approach to improve the understanding of the dynamics of foresight, and to embed foresight more closely with innovation management and policy, is the systems view. In this paper, we build on the systems view of foresight, and study what the elements in foresight as a system are and how they contribute to the creation of futures knowledge. Based on the literature, we propose six elements that are useful for understanding a foresight system and the creation of futures knowledge: agents, cognitive schemes, strategic objects, mediating events, memory objects and metaphors. We illustrate the systems view, the elements and their interaction with two case examples: one on creating future-orientation in a research and technology organisation and one on renewing a forest industry through roadmapping. Based on the elements and the case studies, we argue that the strategic objects and mediating events are important leverage points when steering foresight as a system.

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