تنوع منطقه ای در کشش عرضه مسکن، و عوامل موثر بر آن: مورد یک کشور کوچک کم جمعیت
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|44695||2015||13 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||13710 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Regional Science and Urban Economics, Volume 50, January 2015, Pages 18–30
Previous empirical investigations provide evidence of substantial regional variation in the supply elasticity of housing. They further show that the elasticity and its variation across cities within the U.S. are significantly influenced not only by regulatory supply constraints, but also by the city level population, population density, and geographic constraints. This paper studies empirically if these findings apply to a country that is notably different from the U.S. with respect to its population density, typical city size, geographic and cultural coherence, and regulatory constraints, i.e., Finland. Based on data for the period 1987–2011, our findings are largely in line with those reported for the U.S. The results support the theoretical models indicating that the supply elasticity is largely a local phenomenon, i.e., dependent mainly on city specific factors rather than the abundance of undeveloped land at the country level. The supply elasticity substantially varies across Finnish cities. The city size, zoning policies, and geographic constraints are found to be the most important factors causing regional elasticity differences, accounting for some 80% of the elasticity variation. While more flexible regulation can increase the supply elasticity, the results imply that the possibilities of local regulation to affect the elasticity are limited even in a sparsely populated country with small cities and abundant reserve of vacant developable land.