عواقب ناشی از نوسانات کمک های اولیه برای مدیریت اقتصاد کلان و اثربخشی کمک ها
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|45694||2015||13 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||10930 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : World Development, Volume 69, May 2015, Pages 62–74
We conclude that individual aid sector volatility matters as well as total aid volatility. Easily, the most important contributor to total volatility is debt aid. The most volatile aid sectors per se include debt, industry, and humanitarian, and the least include education and health. In several sectors volatility appears to have peaked around 2006. Within individual countries, sector volatility is often corrected for in the following period, there are also sometimes knock-on effects on other sectors. Finally we examine the impact of sector aid, and aid volatility, on school completion rates, death rates, Internet usage, and mobile phone subscriptions.