چرا وزن اقتصادی انرژی بسیار بزرگتر از سهم هزینه های آن است
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|46005||2013||5 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||2464 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, Volume 9, December 2013, Pages 33–37
Energy conversion and entropy production determine the growth of wealth in industrialized economies. Novel econometric analyses have revealed energy to be a production factor whose output elasticity, which measures its economic weight, is much higher than its share in total factor cost, while for labor just the opposite is true. Although this result is at variance with neoclassical economic theory, it is compatible with the standard maximization of profit or time-integrated utility if appropriate technological constraints on capital, labor, and energy are taken into account. Shifting the burden of taxes and levies from labor to energy is an adequate policy consequence.