تشخیص آتش سوزی و بازسازی سطح 3D بر اساس تصاویر استریوسکوپیک و منطق فازی احتمالاتی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|46506||2014||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||6418 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Fire Safety Journal, Volume 68, August 2014, Pages 61–70
In this paper, a new fire detection method is proposed, which is based on using a stereo camera to calculate the distance between the camera and the fire region and to reconstruct the 3D surface of the fire front. For the purpose of fire detection, candidate fire regions are identified using generic color models and a simple background difference model. Gaussian membership functions (GMFs) for the shape, size, and motion variation of the fire are then generated, because fire regions in successive frames change constantly. These three GMFs are then applied to fuzzy logic for real-time fire verification. After segmentation of the fire regions from left and right images, feature points are extracted using a matching algorithm and their disparities are computed for distance estimation and 3D surface reconstruction. Our proposed algorithm was successfully applied to a fire video dataset and its detection performance was shown to be better than that of other methods. In addition, the distance estimation method yielded reasonable results when the fire was a short distance from the camera and the reconstruction of the 3D surface showed a shape that was almost the same as that of the real fire.