دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 46853
عنوان فارسی مقاله

بخش های عصبی کار در خواندن با فرهنگ محدودشده: بررسی آموزش خواندن حروف چینی

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
46853 2014 17 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Neural division of labor in reading is constrained by culture: A training study of reading Chinese characters
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Cortex, Volume 53, April 2014, Pages 90–106

کلمات کلیدی
خواندن - چینی - تقسیم کار - یادگیری
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله بخش های عصبی کار در خواندن با فرهنگ محدودشده: بررسی آموزش خواندن حروف چینی

چکیده انگلیسی

Word reading in alphabetic language involves a cortical system with multiple components whose division of labor depends on the transparency of the writing system. To gain insight about the neural division of labor between phonology and semantics subserving word reading in Chinese, a deep non-alphabetic writing system, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was used to investigate the effects of phonological and semantic training on the cortical circuitry for oral naming of Chinese characters. In a training study, we examined whether a training task that differentially focused readers' attention on the phonological or semantic properties of a Chinese character changes the patterns of cortical activation that was evoked by that character in a subsequent naming task. Our imaging results corroborate that the cortical regions underlying reading in Chinese largely overlap the left-hemisphere reading system responsible for reading in alphabetic languages, with some cortical regions in the left-hemisphere uniquely recruited for reading in Chinese. However, in contrast to findings from studies of English word naming, we observed considerable overlap in the neural activation patterns associated with phonological and semantic training on naming Chinese characters, which we suggest may reflect a balanced neural division of labor between phonology and semantics in Chinese character reading. The equitable division of labor for Chinese reading might be driven by the special statistical structure of the writing system, which includes equally systematic mappings in the correspondences between written forms and their pronunciations and meanings.

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