آزمون برابری قدرت خرید برای اقتصادهای نوظهور
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|47660||1999||11 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||4260 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Volume 9, Issue 2, April 1999, Pages 183–193
The concept of purchasing power parity (PPP) is examined here for its applicability to the soft currencies of a large group of emerging/developing economies. PPP is tested through the use of the technique of cointegration. Based on data covering the period of 1975–1997, cointegration tests of price indices and exchange rates are conducted for 27 countries (against the U. S.). The results provide relatively strong evidence (for 14 countries) in favor of the long-term applicability of PPP as a cointegration concept. Further tests on real exchange rates indicate that the symmetry and proportionality conditions implied by PPP are rejected in all but one case. The latter tests also show that departures from long-term exchange values can last for several years and that a priori restrictions imposed on the cointegrating vector can lead to a false rejection of the PPP concept.