اگر الکساندر همیلتون آرژانتینی می بود؟ مقایسه تجارب پولی اوایل آرژانتین و ایالات متحده
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|47736||2002||36 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||16348 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Monetary Economics, Volume 49, Issue 3, April 2002, Pages 459–494
The contrast between the early nineteenth century Argentinean experience of high inflation and the American experience of low inflation is interpreted in terms of an optimal taxation model. It is argued that the two countries’ experiences diverged because of the different constraints they faced in financing wartime government expenditures. In the presence of frequent wars, ever-tightening access to foreign capital, and an inadequate tax base, Argentina's use of the inflation tax may be viewed as an optimal solution to its wartime problems. By contrast, with the exception of the Revolutionary War, the absence of such constraints in the United States required full-tax smoothing, with only a temporary use of the inflation tax during wartime. Such policies were embodied in Alexander Hamilton's fiscal package of 1790, which allowed the United States to bond-finance most subsequent wartime expenditures.