مالیات بهینه در حضور فرار مالیاتی: مطلوبیت مورد انتظار در مقابل آینده نگری
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|47782||2010||25 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||محاسبه نشده|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Volume 75, Issue 2, August 2010, Pages 313–337
It is now well known that the predictions of expected utility theory (EUT) applied to tax evasion are quantitatively and qualitatively at variance with the evidence while prospect theory (PT) makes the correct predictions. In this literature, the tax rate is exogenous. We endogenize the tax rate, and require that a successful theory should explain, jointly, the facts on the tax rate, tax gap and the level of government expenditure. We find that the data is best described by taxpayers using PT and the government using standard utility theory, EUT. The results are robust to several possible alternative specifications. We discuss how our results have a bearing on the debate between liberalism versus paternalism in behavioral economics. We also propose an alternative explanation based on the notion of context dependent preferences.