آموزش و پرورش، ترجیحات برای اوقات فراغت و برنامه بهینه مالیات بر درآمد
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|47951||2008||26 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||12902 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Public Economics, Volume 92, Issues 1–2, February 2008, Pages 113–138
This paper characterizes optimal income taxes and human capital policies in a two period Mirrlees economy. Agents, differentiated by their preferences at birth, invest in human capital not knowing in advance the returns of such investment. Clear cut prescriptions are not always possible even when we focus on specific assumptions about the relative importance of heterogeneity at birth and heterogeneity that arises later in life. Yet, we are still able to identify which combinations of policies are compatible with Pareto efficiency and which are not. With regards to implementation, income taxes that depend on an agent's schooling play a role in committing her to more restricted budget sets in the second period. This type of commitment is shown to improve agents' expected utilities.