مدل سرمایه گذاری دو فازی برای تخصیص بهینه واحدهای اندازه گیری فازور با توجه به تغییر انتقال
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|48012||2015||7 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||5612 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Electric Power Systems Research, Volume 119, February 2015, Pages 492–498
Ensuring the reliability of an electrical power system requires a wide-area monitoring and full observability of the state variables. Phasor measurement units (PMUs) collect in real time synchronized phasors of voltages and currents which are used for the observability of the power grid. Due to the considerable cost of installing PMUs, it is not possible to equip all buses with PMUs. In this paper, we propose an integer linear programming model to determine the optimal PMU placement plan in two investment phases. In the first phase, PMUs are installed to achieve full observability of the power grid whereas additional PMUs are installed in the second phase to guarantee the N − 1 observability of the power grid. The proposed model also accounts for transmission switching and single contingencies such as failure of a PMU or a transmission line. Results are provided on several IEEE test systems which show that our proposed approach is a promising enhancement to the methods available for the optimal placement of PMUs.