یک مقایسه تجربی پیش بینی ریسک پیش فرض از فلسفه های رتبه بندی اعتباری جایگزین
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|48555||2005||15 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||7655 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : International Journal of Forecasting, Volume 21, Issue 1, January–March 2005, Pages 37–51
The New Basel Capital Accord will allow the determination of banks' regulatory capital requirements due to probabilities of default (PDs) which are estimated and forecasted from internal ratings. Broadly, two rating philosophies are distinguished: through the cycle versus point in time ratings. We employ a likelihood ratio backtesting of both types with respect to their probability of default forecasts and correlations derived from a nonlinear random effects panel model using data from Standard & Poor's. The implications for risk capital using these different philosophies are demonstrated. It is shown that Point in Time Ratings will exhibit much lower correlations and, thus, default probability forecasts should be more precise. As a consequence, Value-at-Risk quantiles of default distributions should be lower than those generated by Through the Cycle Ratings. Nevertheless, banks which use Point in Time Ratings may be punished in times of economic stress if the implied reduction of asset correlation is not taken into account.