دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 48745
عنوان فارسی مقاله

درباره مناطق آزاد تجاری لزوما همراه با افزایش رفاه

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
48745 2002 15 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
On necessarily welfare-enhancing free trade areas
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Journal of International Economics, Volume 57, Issue 2, August 2002, Pages 353–367

کلمات کلیدی
مناطق آزاد تجاری - اتحادیه گمرکی - کمپ وان - رفاه - قواعد مبدأ - تعرفه خارجی
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله درباره مناطق آزاد تجاری لزوما همراه با افزایش رفاه

چکیده انگلیسی

The well-known Kemp–Vanek–Ohyama–Wan proposition establishes that if two or more countries form a customs union (CU) by freezing their net external trade vector through a common external tariff and eliminating internal trade barriers, the union as a whole and the rest of the world cannot be worse off than before. Owing to the fact that a Free Trade Area (whose member countries impose country specific external tariff vectors) does not equalize marginal rates of substitution across its member countries (in contrast to a CU), the literature has been unable to provide a parallel demonstration regarding welfare improving Free Trade Areas (FTAs). The present paper eliminates this gap. In extending the result to the case with intermediate inputs, the paper also sheds new light on the rules of origin required to support such necessarily welfare enhancing FTAs. We show here that provided no trade deflection is permitted, all that is required by way of rules of origin is that the goods produced within the union – whether final or intermediate – be allowed to be traded freely. The proportion of domestic value added in final goods does not enter as a criterion in the rules of origin.

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