شهرنشینی و/یا صنعتی سازی روستایی در چین
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|49151||2012||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||7784 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Regional Science and Urban Economics, Volume 42, Issues 1–2, January 2012, Pages 126–134
We study urbanization and rural industrialization in a setting involving one urban region (UU) and one rural region (RR). Farmers are heterogeneous in their attitude toward migration, while firms' efficiency is higher in UU than in RR because agglomeration economies have been built in UU. Farmers face three options: (i) working in the agricultural sector, (ii) setting up firms in RR, or (iii) moving to UU. There exists a unique equilibrium, which displays four different patterns. In the first one, both urbanization and rural industrialization occur simultaneously. In the second and third patterns, either urbanization or rural industrialization arises, whereas the last pattern involves an industrial core and an agricultural periphery. The conditions under which each pattern emerges are determined. The transfer of labor from the agricultural to the industrial sector always increases farmers' welfare, while the welfare impact on incumbent urban workers is ambiguous.