دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 49238
عنوان فارسی مقاله

اهمیت قیمت گذاری هزینه نهایی برق برای موفقیت برنامه های کاهش گازهای گلخانه ای

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
49238 2011 14 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
The importance of marginal cost electricity pricing to the success of greenhouse gas reduction programs
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Energy Policy, Volume 39, Issue 11, November 2011, Pages 7347–7360

کلمات کلیدی
سیاست آب و هوا؛ زمان، استفاده قیمت گذاری؛ نرخ برق
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله اهمیت قیمت گذاری هزینه نهایی برق برای موفقیت برنامه های کاهش گازهای گلخانه ای

چکیده انگلیسی

The efficient reduction of GHG emissions requires appropriate retail pricing of off-peak electricity. However, off-peak electricity for residential consumers is priced at 331% above its marginal cost in the United States as a whole (June 2009). Even for the 1% of residences that are on some form of time-of-use (TOU) rate schedule, the off-peak rate is almost three times higher than the marginal cost. A barrier to marginal-cost based TOU rates is that less than 9% of U.S. households have the “smart” meters in place that can measure and record the time of consumption. Policies should be put in place to achieve full deployment. Another important barrier is consumer concern about TOU rate design. Two TOU rate designs (baseline and two-part tariff) are described that utilize marginal-cost based rates, ensure appropriate cost recovery, and minimize bill changes from current rate structures. A final barrier is to get residences on to these rates. Should a marginal-cost based TOU rate design remain an alternative for which residences could “opt-in,” or become the default choice, or become mandatory? Time-invariant rates are a historical anachronism that subsidize very costly peak-period consumption and penalize off-peak usage to our environmental detriment. They should be phased out.

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