دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 49261
عنوان فارسی مقاله

روش های جایگزین برای برآورد هزینه های کامل نهایی حمل و نقل بزرگراه

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
49261 2007 19 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Alternative methods for estimating full marginal costs of highway transportation
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Volume 41, Issue 8, October 2007, Pages 768–786

کلمات کلیدی
هزینه نهایی؛ اقتصاد حمل و نقل؛ هزینه بزرگراه؛ شبیه سازی
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله روش های جایگزین برای برآورد هزینه های کامل نهایی حمل و نقل بزرگراه

چکیده انگلیسی

This paper presents various methods of estimating the full marginal cost (FMC) of highway passenger transportation. First, the computation of FMC is performed using the marginal cost functions, most of which were developed by Ozbay et al. [Ozbay, K., Bartin, B., Berechman, J., 2001. Estimation and evaluation of full marginal costs of highway transportation in New Jersey. Journal of Transportation and Statistics 4 (1)]. FMC is defined and calculated as “total cost per trip” as explained in this paper. However, in multiple origin-destination and multiple route highway networks, the practical application of the network-wide FMC concept is complicated. These issues are addressed in detail in this paper. Therefore, in the second method, a multiple route based FMC approach is proposed for a given origin-destination pair in the network. It is observed that the marginal values of different paths vary as much as 28%. Third, a comparison of FMC estimation results of two distinct measurement tools is presented. The FMC estimation is performed between a selected OD pair using the static transportation planning software output (TransCAD). The same analysis is repeated using the stochastic traffic simulation software output (PARAMICS). The differences in FMC values estimated by static transportation planning software and microscopic traffic simulation software are discussed.

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