دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 49729
عنوان فارسی مقاله

منابع رشد اقتصادی چین 1952-1999: ترکیب انباشت سرمایه انسانی

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
49729 2003 21 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
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عنوان انگلیسی
Sources of China's economic growth 1952–1999: incorporating human capital accumulation
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : China Economic Review, Volume 14, Issue 1, 2003, Pages 32–52

کلمات کلیدی
چین - رشد اقتصادی - سرمایه انسانی - اصلاحات
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله منابع رشد اقتصادی چین 1952-1999: ترکیب انباشت سرمایه انسانی

چکیده انگلیسی

China's economic growth has been remarkable since the reform started in 1978. There is an ongoing debate about whether this performance is driven mainly by productivity growth or by factor accumulation. But few past studies taken human capital into account, and thus contained an omission bias. In this paper, we construct a measure of China's human capital stock over 1952–1999 and employ it in our growth accounting exercise. We find that, first, in China, the accumulation of human capital was quite rapid and it contributed significantly to growth and welfare; second, after incorporating human capital, the growth of total factor productivity (TFP) still played a positive role in GDP growth in the reform period, while it was negative in the prereform period. These results are robust changes in labor shares in GDP and in depreciation rates. An implication is that a high priority should be given to human capital accumulation and productivity growth, if China is to sustain its growth and welfare improvement in the next decade.

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