درونی سازی رهبری و رقابت مالیاتی: اثرات جانبی و ارائه کالای عمومی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|49805||2014||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||8437 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Regional Science and Urban Economics, Volume 46, May 2014, Pages 18–26
This paper analyzes the issue of leadership when two jurisdictions are engaged in tax competition and capital tax revenues are used to finance the provision of local public goods. For that purpose we consider a timing game between the two asymmetric jurisdictions. On the first stage jurisdictions decide to move early or late and on the second stage they choose their tax rates. If jurisdictions differ with respect to population sizes or with respect to preferences for public goods, the Subgame perfect equilibria (SPE) are the two sequential Stackelberg outcomes. If jurisdictions differ with respect to productivities or with respect to capital endowments, the SPE are (i) the two sequential Stackelberg outcomes, (ii) the simultaneous Nash outcome at which both jurisdictions move early or (iii) the single sequential Stackelberg outcome at which the more productive or capital-poorer jurisdiction leads. The differences between the SPE (i)–(iii) are explained with the help of the externalities caused by the jurisdictions' tax rates.