بررسی سبک های پاسخ به عاطفه مثبت: یک یا دو بعد از اندیشناکی مثبت در پاسخ به پرسشنامه تاثیر مثبت
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|49942||2016||7 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||6630 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 89, January 2016, Pages 40–46
The Responses to Positive Affect questionnaire (RPA) assesses responses that either tend to dampen or enhance positive affect. Previously, using factor analysis, enhancing (i.e., positive rumination, PR) has been divided into self-focused and emotion-focused strategies. Whereas these PR types are mostly treated as different factors, they are also examined as a single factor, for instance in adolescents. Given that self-concept changes through adolescence, there might be an age effect such that self-focused PR and emotion-focused PR become more differentiated through adolescence. The present aim was to investigate the distinction between emotion-focused and self-focused PR by comparing the RPA structure in three age groups, i.e., early, middle, and late adolescence (Study 1); and by conducting a systematic review of the relationship between both strategies in published research (Study 2). In Study 1, we found no evidence that the two types of PR were more differentiated in the oldest than in the youngest group. In Study 2, related to Study 1, self-focused and emotion-focused PR were highly correlated in most of the published research. Also, there were item switches between the PR factors in RPA translations. In sum, it is justifiable to investigate PR as a single construct when using the RPA.