دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 51339
عنوان فارسی مقاله

انتخاب نوع وسیله نقلیه تحت تاثیر اصلاح مالیاتی و افزایش قیمت سوخت

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
51339 2014 11 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
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عنوان انگلیسی
Vehicle type choice under the influence of a tax reform and rising fuel prices
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Volume 64, June 2014, Pages 32–42

کلمات کلیدی
انتخاب خودرو؛ مالیات خودرو، اصلاح مالیاتی؛ لوجیت مخلوط؛ راندمان سوخت؛ تکنولوژی خودرو
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله انتخاب نوع وسیله نقلیه تحت تاثیر اصلاح مالیاتی و افزایش قیمت سوخت

چکیده انگلیسی

Differentiated vehicle taxes are considered by many a useful tool for promoting environmentally friendly vehicles. Various structures have been implemented in several countries, e.g. Ireland, France, The Czech Republic, and Denmark. In many countries the tax reforms have been followed by a steep change in new vehicle purchases toward more diesel vehicles and more fuel-efficient vehicles. The paper analyses to what extent a vehicle tax reform similar to the Danish 2007 reform may explain changes in purchasing behaviour. The paper investigates the effects of a tax reform, fuel price changes, and technological development on vehicle type choice using a mixed logit model. The model allows a simulation of the effect of car price changes that resemble those induced by the tax reform. This effect is compared to the effects of fuel price changes and technology improvements. The simulations show that the effect of the tax reform on fuel efficiency is similar to the effect of rising fuel prices while the effect of technological development is much larger. The conclusion is that while the tax reform appeared in the same year as a large increase in fuel efficiency, it seems likely that it only explains a small part of the shift in fuel efficiency that occurred and that the main driver was the technological development.

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