دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 51366
عنوان فارسی مقاله

پاسخ اجتماعی و سیاسی به اصلاح مالیاتی زیست محیطی در اروپا: مقدمه ای بر موضوع خاص

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
51366 2006 10 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Social and political responses to ecological tax reform in Europe: an introduction to the special issue
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Energy Policy, Volume 34, Issue 8, May 2006, Pages 895–904

کلمات کلیدی
اصلاح مالیات محیط زیست؛ اروپا؛ مقبولیت اجتماعی
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله پاسخ اجتماعی و سیاسی به اصلاح مالیاتی زیست محیطی در اروپا: مقدمه ای بر موضوع خاص

چکیده انگلیسی

This paper introduces the special issue on the Policies for Ecological Tax Reform: Assessment of Social Responses (PETRAS) project about responses to ecological tax reform (ETR) in Europe. Although ETR is widely accepted to be a policy with desirable effects, its implementation has been limited by problems of political acceptability. The project aimed to address the question of how to make such a policy more acceptable. It is the first study to examine in depth the thinking of members of the general public about the ETR policies and is also the first international comparative study of the thinking of ordinary business people about ETR policies. The PETRAS project methodology was based around the use of interviews and focus groups to inform the assessment of social responses to ETR policies and the development of improved designs for them. A number of issues emerged relating to awareness, trust, understanding of the purpose, visibility, incentives, regressivity, levels of taxation, terminology, communication about ETR and the use of alternative instruments. Together with these similarities, a pattern of differences between the countries can also be seen. The final section of this paper introduces the national studies described in the following papers.

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