تجزیه تاثیر محرومیت بر مرگ و میر کودکان عابر پیاده در انگلستان
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|51548||2008||14 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||10391 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 40, Issue 4, July 2008, Pages 1351–1364
The incidence of child injury due to road traffic accidents appears to be positively associated with socio-economic deprivation. However, the reasons behind this relationship have proven difficult to identify. In this paper, we present results from a cross-sectional analysis using generalized linear regression models of child pedestrian casualties for the wards of England. We find that there are distinct and substantial effects on casualty rates from characteristics associated with area deprivation across diverse environments. These associations exist over and above influences arising from local environmental characteristics. Distinct dimensions of deprivation appear to affect the incidence of pedestrian casualties to varying degrees and sometimes in different directions. The results identify a relationship between income deprivation and the incidence of child pedestrian casualties, but they also show that poverty is only one aspect of deprivation that matters. In particular, we find a consistent positive influence from crime related deprivation.